Open Access

Complexity separating classes for edge-colouring and total-colouring

Journal of the Brazilian Computer Society201117:40

https://doi.org/10.1007/s13173-011-0040-8

Received: 14 May 2011

Accepted: 12 September 2011

Published: 27 September 2011

Abstract

The class of unichord-free graphs was recently investigated in a series of papers (Machado et al. in Theor. Comput. Sci. 411:1221–1234, 2010; Machado, de Figueiredo in Discrete Appl. Math. 159:1851–1864, 2011; Trotignon, Vušković in J. Graph Theory 63:31–67, 2010) and proved to be useful with respect to the study of the complexity of colouring problems. In particular, several surprising complexity dichotomies could be found in subclasses of unichord-free graphs. We discuss such results based on the concept of “separating class” and we describe the class of bipartite unichord-free as a final missing separating class with respect to edge-colouring and total-colouring problems, by proving that total-colouring bipartite unichord-free graphs is NP-complete.

Keywords

Theoretical computer scienceComputational complexityColouring of graphsTotal chromatic numberBipartite unichord-free