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Table 6 Contingency table showing Agile practices adoption percentage by company experience

From: The evolution of agile software development in Brazil

Practices \(<\)6 months 6–11 months 1–2 years 3–5 years \(>\)5 years Total \(\chi ^{2}\) df
n % n % n % n % n % n %
Iteration planning 36 65.5 47 75.8 103 69.6 104 89.7 29 72.5 319 75.6 83.15*** 5
Retrospectives 27 49.1 40 64.5 106 71.6 107 92.2 31 77.5 311 73.7 96.88*** 5
Daily standup 25 45.5 34 54.8 107 72.3 97 83.6 29 72.5 292 69.2 74.81*** 5
Unit testing 28 50.9 30 48.4 93 62.8 101 87.1 34 85.0 286 67.8 47.70*** 5
Burndown 25 45.5 35 56.5 98 66.2 79 68.1 18 45.0 255 60.4 54.88*** 5
Refactoring 24 43.6 28 45.2 87 58.8 84 72.4 32 80.0 255 60.4 29.46*** 5
Continuous integration 23 41.8 23 37.1 86 58.1 86 74.1 30 75.0 248 58.8 56.09*** 5
Release planning 18 32.7 27 43.5 84 56.8 79 68.1 25 62.5 233 55.2 41.48*** 5
Coding standards 22 40.0 32 51.6 68 45.9 77 66.4 30 75.0 229 54.3 24.24*** 5
Kanban 24 43.6 31 50.0 75 50.7 66 56.9 19 47.5 215 50.9 29.20*** 5
Collective code ownership 23 41.8 21 33.9 76 51.4 68 58.6 24 60.0 212 50.2 15.91** 5
Automated builds 16 29.1 12 19.4 64 43.2 86 74.1 27 67.5 205 48.6 80.57*** 5
Pair programming 10 18.2 23 37.1 67 45.3 68 58.6 25 62.5 193 45.7 42.31*** 5
Velocity 14 25.5 20 32.3 60 40.5 66 56.9 21 52.5 181 42.9 31.59*** 5
Test driven development 13 23.6 14 22.6 52 35.1 68 58.6 25 62.5 172 40.8 42.67*** 5
On-site customer 13 23.6 19 30.6 46 31.1 65 56.0 19 47.5 162 38.4 34.15*** 5
Digital task board 12 21.8 18 29.0 55 37.2 44 37.9 16 40.0 145 34.4 16.32** 5
Continuous deployment 12 21.8 18 29.0 41 27.7 54 46.6 17 42.5 142 33.6 25.89*** 5
Open workspaces 11 20.0 13 21.0 37 25.0 46 39.7 20 50.0 127 30.1 30.64*** 5
ATDD 4 7.3 3 4.8 26 17.6 41 35.3 15 37.5 89 21.1 48.08*** 5
BDD 4 7.3 7 11.3 21 14.2 22 19.0 10 25.0 64 15.2 14.69* 5
Other 1 1.8 1 1.6 3 2.0 3 2.6 7 17.5 15 3.6 24.72*** 5
  1. \(N= 471\)
  2. Significance levels: *** p \(<\) 0.001, ** p \(<\) 0.01, * p \(<\) 0.05