Open Access

A middleware platform to support river monitoring using wireless sensor networks

  • Danny Hughes1, 2, 3Email author,
  • Jo Ueyama1,
  • Eduardo Mendiondo1,
  • Nelson Matthys2,
  • Wouter Horré2,
  • Sam Michiels2,
  • Christophe Huygens2,
  • Wouter Joosen2,
  • Ka Lok Man3 and
  • Sheng-Uei Guan3
Journal of the Brazilian Computer Society201117:29

https://doi.org/10.1007/s13173-011-0029-3

Received: 9 May 2010

Accepted: 26 January 2011

Published: 15 February 2011

Abstract

Flooding is a critical global problem, which is growing more severe due to the effects of climate change. This problem is particularly acute in the state of São Paulo, Brazil, where flooding during the rainy season incurs significant financial and human costs. Another critical problem associated with flooding is the high level of pollution present in urban rivers. Efforts to address these problems focus upon three key research areas: river monitoring, modelling of river conditions and incident response. This paper introduces a rich next-generation middleware platform designed to support wireless sensor network based environmental monitoring along with a supporting hardware platform. This system has been deployed and evaluated in a real-world river monitoring scenario in the city of São Carlos, Brazil.

Keywords

Wireless sensor networks Environmental monitoring Middleware Multiparadigm programming