Open Access

Empirical research in CSCW — a review of the ACM/CSCW conferences from 1998 to 2004

  • Jacques Wainer1, 2 and
  • Claudia Barsottini2
Journal of the Brazilian Computer Society13:BF03192543


This paper reviews all the 169 full papers published in the ACM/CSCW conferences from 1998 to 2004. We classify the papers according to the type of empirical research they report. The classes are evaluation of groupware, description of work situations, hypothesis testing, bibliographic research, and papers with no empirical research. We show that the field is in constant change, that the proportions of papers in these different categories have been changing in these 6 years, and that for the evaluation papers, the results by Pinelle and Gutwin do not carry for the 1998–2004 period


groupware CSCW systematic review empirical research bibliographic review evaluation