Open Access

Ginga-NCL: the declarative environment of the Brazilian digital TV System

  • Luiz Fernando Gomes Soares1,
  • Rogério Ferreira Rodrigues1 and
  • Márcio Ferreira Moreno1
Journal of the Brazilian Computer Society13:BF03192400


As in all main terrestrial DTV Systems, the Brazilian middleware, named Ginga, supports both declarative applications (through its presentation, or declarative, environment Ginga-NCL) and procedural applications (through its execution, or procedural, environment Ginga-J). Since hybrid applications are common, either type of Ginga application may make use of facilities of both presentation and execution application environments. This paper focuses on the presentation environment Ginga-NCL. The main Brazilian inovations are then presented, regarding the Ginga architecture, the declarative NCL language specification, the editing commands for live application production, and the transport data structure.


Ginga NCL middleware declarative environment digital TV