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Table 2 Mean efficiency of spatial detections per frame for some methods (%)

From: Secure self-recovery watermarking scheme for error concealment and tampering detection

Method Spatial attack Temporal attack
Zhi-yu and Xiang [44] 50.49
Hsu et al. [45] 98.34
Lin et al. [46] 82.05
Pan and Lyu [47] 100
Subramanyam and Emmanuel [48] 85.01 99.5
Amerini et al. [49] 98.17
Wang and Farid [50] 100
Proposed Framework 97.86 96.53