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Table 9 Coherence suggestions and their explanations as presented by CAM

From: A coherence analysis module for SciPo: providing suggestions for scientific abstracts written in Portuguese

Dimension Suggestion and explanation text
Title The Title and Purpose sentences should be more closely related
Purpose sentences are expected to indicate the main objective of the research. Similarly, the Title of abstract should “summarize” the main objective, using in limited number of words (one or two lines of text) so that it can be immediately understood by the reader. Check whether the title of your abstract describes succinctly the main objective cited in Purpose sentences or whether the Purpose sentences refer to the content presented in Title. Lack of relationship between the Title and the Purpose sentences could result in a coherence problem in your abstract. Consider rewriting either the Title or the Purpose sentences of your abstract
Purpose (M) Methodology and Purpose can be more closely related
Methodology sentences indicate materials and methods which have been used or served as the basis of the research. Thus, methods are usually described or at least indicated in the abstract. Highly coherent abstracts are those in which the description or indication of the methods used are related to the main objective of the study being presented, thus justifying their use. Check if the content of Methodology and Purpose sentences are related. It may be necessary to rewrite the Methodology sentences
Purpose (R) Result and Purpose can be more closely related
Result sentences describe any artifact developed by the author or indicate the results of experiments and evaluations. In highly coherent abstracts, result description are expected to be closely related to the main objective of the research so that the reader understands the relevance and contributions of the study in relation to the objectives presented in Purpose sentences. Check if the content of Result and Purpose sentences are related. It may be necessary to rewrite the Result sentences
Purpose (C) Conclusion and Purpose can be more closely related
Conclusion sentences “close” the text and are intended to offer recommendations, contributions and to highlight the value of presented research. To do it successfully, Conclusion sentences are expected to make reference to the content of Purpose sentences so that the reader associates them with the main objective of study. Check if the content of Result and Purpose sentences are related. It may be necessary to rewrite the Conclusion sentences
Gap-background Gap and Background should be related
Gap sentences indicate some research questions that are worth investigating. Coherent abstracts are therefore expected to include at least one sentence that contextualizes these research questions before presenting them. Check if the content of Gap and Background sentences are related. It may be necessary to rewrite these sentences