Open Access

Statistical learning approaches for discriminant features selection

  • Gilson A. Giraldi1,
  • Paulo S. Rodrigues2,
  • Edson C.  Kitani3,
  • João R. Sato4 and
  • Carlos E. Thomaz5
Journal of the Brazilian Computer Society14:BF03192556

DOI: 10.1007/BF03192556

Received: 19 October 2007

Accepted: 19 May 2008

Abstract

Supervised statistical learning covers important models like Support Vector Machines (SVM) and Linear Discriminant Analysis (LDA). In this paper we describe the idea of using the discriminant weights given by SVM and LDA separating hyperplanes to select the most discriminant features to separate sample groups. Our method, called here as Discriminant Feature Analysis (DFA), is not restricted to any particular probability density function and the number of meaningful discriminant features is not limited to the number of groups. To evaluate the discriminant features selected, two case studies have been investigated using face images and breast lesion data sets. In both case studies, our experimental results show that the DFA approach provides an intuitive interpretation of the differences between the groups, highlighting and reconstructing the most important statistical changes between the sample groups analyzed.